The followings are the risk factors for diabetes. These factors can increase the risk of developing diabetes.
1. Genetics and family history – family history of diabetes is a major risk.
2. Disease of the pancreas – If the pancreas is damaged, it increases the chances of developing type 1 diabetes.
3. Obesity – Obesity is the most dangerous factor which can cause type 2 diabetes
4. High blood pressure – it is the dangerous factor which can put you at risk for diabetes.
5. History of gestational diabetes – if you develop diabetes when you are pregnant, you are put at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
6. Ethic background – diabetes is more common in Hispanic/Latino Americans, African-Americans, Native Americans, Asian-Americans, Pacific Islanders, and Alaska natives.
7. Activities – Proper activities can better control your blood sugar.
How to prevent diabetes
1. Monitoring blood sugar is necessary in order to early find diabetes. Blood sugar monitor should be done often. If some symptoms like itching skin, eye problems, abnormal urine volume occurs, people need to go to see a doctor to do some tests regarding diabetes. Early detection and prompt treatment can make sure a good prognosis. Blood sugar level should be normal or almost normal. The target fasting blood glucose is under 6.11mmol/l. HbA1c should be under 7.0%. People need to regularly monitor the blood pressure, blood fat and electrocardiogram.
2. Follow a healthy diet. You can eat more fruits, vegetables or other food that is rich in fiber which can help you reduce your risk of diabetes by improving your blood sugar control. Whole grains may reduce the risk of diabetes and help maintain blood sugar levels. So eat various breads, pasta products and many cereals. In your diet, low-carbohydrate diet is favorable to your health.
3. Lose weight. If you are over weight, you need to take measures to lose your weight. People who lost a modest amount of weight – at least 5 to 10 percent of initial body weight – and exercise regularly reduces the risk of developing diabetes by most 60 percent over three years.
4. Regularly do some exercise is helpful. Exercise can help you:
Lose weight, lower your blood sugar and helps keep your blood sugar within a normal range./P>
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